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Stephen Covey's book The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People recommends the following exercise:

Say "I like myself" to yourself 50 times a day for at least 14 days.

I've tried it and contrary to my belief, it had a very positive result on my self-esteem. Which is awesome! Is there a scientific explanation for why it worked?

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Related:… – Casebash Mar 18 '12 at 12:21
I think your question could be improved by expanding on what you mean by "it worked". Especially for those who have not read or are not familiar with the book or positive self-affirmation techniques. – Adam Wuerl Mar 18 '12 at 15:53
'worked' has been changed – Demian Kasier Mar 19 '12 at 9:42
up vote 2 down vote accepted

If it works for you it works for you. That's great and I think you should keep doing it.

On the other hand - the science suggests that positive affirmations wander into the placebo zone....

An excellent thing to read on the topic (and in general for the whole of this area) is 59 Seconds by Richard Wiseman. The whole point of Wiseman's book is that it looks at the actual science behind a lot of accepted wisdom in the self-help world. Personally I think it's a must-read for personal development. But a big take away from the book for me was that talking to yourself doesn't work, but writing to yourself really does (I've elided a lot of detail with that statement, which is precisely why I encourage you to read the book yourself).

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Your answer indeed has to do with how and why the placebo effect works...
In a nutshell it has to do the complex interaction of motivation, perception, conditioning and expectations. If you want to dig into the actual medical reason why, the answer likely has to do with expectations driven by reward pathways (dopamine) in the prefrontal cortex of the brain. The summary on WP describes the phenomenon as being

"...mediated by "top-down" processes dependent on frontal cortical areas that 
generate and maintain cognitive expectancies. Dopaminergic reward pathways may
underlie these expectancies"

The very same processes that can drive people to bad habits (gambling, smoking, drinking) can also be the pathway to good habits (exercise, reading...). The individual decides what rewards their thoughts and energy are going to be used to pursue. Just as brainwashed people can have their heads filled with junk, people can also choose to put good things in there and whatever we feed the brain does have an effect on self-perception and what kind of person you become as a result.

The placebo effect has a lot stigma attached to it... but it comes down to the fact that for some reason it does work for some people. There are lots of examples of people whose positive thoughts helped them recover from dire situations. Did it help them survive? I don't know. Can it hurt? I don't think so. Why does it work for some and not others? I would be interested in reading research in this area, but this goes beyond your question.

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